Carpet is a floor covering that differs from the carpet in size (while the size of the carpet is limited, the carpet sold in rolls can be arbitrarily long) and pattern (the pattern of the carpet is small and repetitive, while on the carpet it is usually finished. composition or ornament).
At all times, people have made a lot of efforts to make their home the most comfortable and cozy. To achieve this goal, the choice of flooring was extremely important. Agree, it is much more pleasant to feel underfoot not cold stone, plaster or concrete, but warm parquet. And a soft carpet, pleasing to the eye with an exquisite pattern, will leave few people indifferent.
But, since the creation of carpets by hand is a long painstaking work, these masterpieces of weaving are usually quite expensive and, unfortunately, are not always suitable for certain premises. Therefore, thanks to the use of the achievements of science and technology, various floor coverings were created, which are not much inferior to natural hand-made carpets (and in some ways superior to them).
The carpet is universal (that is, it is suitable for all types of premises, except for damp ones), provides thermal insulation, sound insulation and sound absorption, accumulates heat, etc. Ease of installation, durability (carpet life - 10-15 years), a variety of designs and textures (from a lint-free monophonic covering resembling felt to soft and fluffy (pile length - up to 30-40 mm) multi-colored carpet) provided the above-mentioned floor covering with a huge popularity.
However, despite this, many myths are formed about the carpet and a lot of misconceptions are formed. We will try to figure out what positive (or negative) qualities this type of flooring has, how to choose it, install it correctly, and what kind of care to prefer in order to preserve the pristine beauty and structure of the carpet.
Carpets made of natural materials should be preferred. Indeed, woolen or mixed (containing 10-30% wool) carpet has a number of advantages: it perfectly protects from cold and moisture, is environmentally friendly, elastic, and it is not so easy to set it on fire. However, such a coating is very expensive and does not at all have high wear resistance, therefore it is not suitable for premises with heavy traffic (for example, for an office).
Synthetic carpets are not much different from each other. This is not entirely true. Much depends on what kind of synthetic fiber the carpet is made of and what method of weaving is used. For example, polypropylene, most often used for the manufacture of carpet, is a cheap material, but there are very few color and design options for such a coating. Products made of polyamide, on the contrary, are distinguished by their rich design, besides, the pile never crawls out of such a coating. And the processing of polyamide carpet with a special impregnation (for example, Scotchgard) increases its wear resistance, reduces the effect of static, while absolutely not affecting the softness of the material.
Carpet technology also matters. The most expensive, the most durable, with a variety of texture and design is woven carpet, but such material is rarely found on sale. The needle-punched coating is the most durable and quite cheap, but it does not differ in design variety, and it will not provide you with comfort. But this lint-free coating, which looks like felt, perfectly absorbs sounds, therefore it is often used in cinemas and theaters. The most popular, due to the variety of designs and rather high quality at a relatively low price, are tufted coatings.
Carpet can be installed on any floor. In order not to get into an unpleasant situation, you should know how the carpet base affects one or another type of floor covering. For example, on a parquet floor, you should not put carpets on rubber (this makes it swell) and on a jute base (there will be quite noticeable scratches on the parquet). And if the basis of the carpet is natural jute, such a covering must be protected from excessive moisture. If water gets under the carpet, it will begin to warp and rot. Felt or felt carpets can be laid directly on the concrete floor. However, it should be borne in mind that these substrate materials absorb moisture very well.
Synthetic carpets are real "dust collectors" that pollute indoor air. Carpets really collect and retain dust, preventing it from rising into the air, thereby serving as a kind of filters. And, like any filter, this kind of flooring needs periodic cleaning. By themselves, synthetic fibers do not emit dust.
Synthetic carpet can cause allergies. Misconception. Various types of respiratory allergies provoke microparticles of certain substances in the air. But it is the carpet that absorbs many suspended particles, thereby cleaning the room from allergens. In addition, synthetic carpets (especially those treated with special chemical reagents), unlike those made from natural materials, do not at all favor the development of microorganisms. And a lot of chemicals for cleaning floor coverings of this kind will not be required.
Synthetic carpet gives off harmful substances (eg formaldehyde) in large quantities. It is a myth. In fact, freshly painted or lacquered floors hold the lead in terms of the amount of harmful substances emitted. Further (in descending order) follow: parquet rubbed with mastic, wall panels based on MDF, PVC linoleum, and, in the last place of honor, synthetic carpets. It should be noted that phenol formaldehyde in carpets produced in Europe and America is completely absent. In addition, paint, vinyl wallpaper, varnishes, mastic, linoleum emit volatile organic substances and mixtures into the air for a rather long time (from several weeks to several months). High-quality carpet loses its "factory" smell in a maximum of 72 - 144 hours after being installed indoors.
Artificial fiber carpets, like any synthetics, accumulate static electricity. Modern synthetic materials (new modifications of nylon, polypropylene, polyester, acrylic) accumulate very little static electricity. Carpets with antistatic characteristics at the level of 2.5 kv are not a source of discomfort for humans - such a weak electrostatic field voltage is simply imperceptible.
The carpet is sold in rolls only. This is not true. There is a variety of carpets - modular carpet tiles, which are squares of carpet 50x50 cm. This type of mobile finishing flooring owes its appearance to the creation of raised floors in offices that provide quick access to cable connections.
Modular carpet tiles, in contrast to roll carpets, are more convenient to transport, fit with minimal losses during cutting (moreover, any of the tiles can be easily replaced during operation), and creates many new opportunities for designers. Moreover, the seams are practically invisible (due to the variety of surface designs, the use of modern production technologies, etc.), therefore, the effect of a continuous carpet is provided to you, even in a room of an extremely complex configuration.
Carpet laying is a simple matter. Indeed, you can lay this flooring yourself. However, before starting work, be sure to read the manufacturer's instructions. After all, both the appearance of the room and the durability of the carpet depend on the quality of the installation. Remember that:
- The carpet should lie freely, not resting on the edges of the walls of the room;
- The flooring should be laid on a completely flat floor (no cracks, bulges or depressions). To level the surface, you can use sheets of plywood, orgilit, self-leveling mixture, etc.
- In order to further facilitate the cleaning of the premises, make sure that the slope of the pile is from the window towards the door;
- It is best to install the flooring in one piece. It is not recommended to join two pieces, but if you cannot do without it, make sure that the direction of the pile on the pieces being joined is the same;
- The use of a backing (made of polyurethane foam, felt, rubber, etc.) will help to extend the life of the carpet (at least 2 times) and to increase the elasticity, softness and sound insulation qualities of the carpet. It should be remembered that the thickness of the additional lining layer should not exceed 0.5 cm;
- When using loose laying, please note that in the places where the adhesive tape is fixed, the surface of the walls and floor must be degreased, dry and clean;
- It is necessary to glue the coverings with a base made of natural jute very carefully - excess glue, passing through the base, can spoil the pile;
- Stretching (glueless stretching method) requires the use of a substrate.
Synthetic carpets do not stain. Many synthetic carpets are treated with a special compound so that they hardly collect dirt (especially when it comes to hinge coverings with loops of the same height or flocked carpet). However, household stains (for example, from juices, berries, fruits, blood, etc.) should be removed as soon as possible, since only then you will be guaranteed a complete success in cleaning the carpet.