There are many stages in a woman's life, but motherhood can rightfully be considered the most important and significant. And so, when a woman first becomes a mother, many questions arise related to caring for a baby.
Today, information on newborns can be obtained from books, on the Internet, and by communicating with other young mothers. A large number of sources of information leads to the fact that different issues are covered in different ways and is not always correct.
This is how the so-called myths or wrong opinions arise. Having accurate data in the field of caring and caring for newborns, a woman will be able to correctly determine what is the norm, and there will simply be no reason to worry.
All small children look like nice babies, but they are united with dolls only by external resemblance. In all other respects, children are characterized by the reactions and behavior of ordinary people: they hiccup, suffer from insomnia or constipation, be capricious, which makes inexperienced mothers very worried, and sometimes panic. Although in fact nothing terrible happens to the baby and the behavior of the baby is absolutely natural for his age. Therefore, it is important to know which reactions are normal, "healthy" for the baby.
A baby's shortness of breath is a cause for serious concern. The first days of motherhood are the brightest, most memorable and at the same time alarming, because the woman has not yet fully understood everything and entered a new role. Newly made mothers do not leave their children almost a step, even at night they do not close their eyes: they listen to the child's breathing. Fear causes uneven breathing, and sometimes barely audible. But do not be afraid of this, since newborns really have uneven breathing, sometimes turning into snoring, if the baby is put on its side or back. If a child breathes like that all the time, then this is the norm. It is worthwhile to be wary and consult a doctor if the nature of breathing changes dramatically: from calm and measured to intermittent and even nervous, similar to an attempt to abruptly take air with your mouth.
Shaking a child's body during sleep and wakefulness can be signs of epilepsy. In medical terminology, there is such a thing as a tremmer, i.e. twitching of the chin in a child at a time when he is crying or is very unhappy with something. For many mothers, this manifestation causes great concern, since it seems to them that this is a sign of a severe nervous breakdown. In fact, in newborns, all body systems and, first of all, the nervous system are still imperfect, one might say, are not fully developed. As a rule, after two to three months, all these manifestations disappear. In addition, the baby is not yet fully adapted to the world around him and the many sounds familiar to adults, but new to the child. Newborns may flinch from the noise of household appliances, vehicles, neighbors' voices, etc.
Hiccuping is a sign of hypothermia. There is an opinion that there are two ways to help a child get rid of hiccups: to warm him up or scare him. In fact, these actions are unlikely to give a result, since they are far from the truth. Of course, in some cases, it is the hiccups that become the response of the child's body to hypothermia, but this is extremely rare. Usually, mothers note that their baby begins to hiccup immediately after a delicious communication with the mother's breast. What is the reason? The fact is that greedy sucking on the breast leads to the fact that the child corny captures a lot of air along with milk, or simply overeats fatty foods. In the case of a full stomach, it begins to act on the diaphragm, which reacts accordingly, sending nerve impulses to the brain. As a result of the response, the diaphragm begins to rapidly contract, the lungs capture air, which is, in fact, hiccups. You should not be afraid of this, because it does not harm the baby, however, there is no particular benefit either. Because of the hiccups, the baby interrupts his hearty food and no longer swallows additional air into the stomach. Avoiding hiccups is easy - hold your baby upright, hug him, and then breastfeed him again. It would be foolish to treat hiccups with fear - is it worth it to injure the child's psyche from the first days?
Coughing and sneezing in a newborn is indicative of an illness. Often, mothers, just hearing a cough or sneeze from their baby, rush to blame the hospital staff or loved ones for chilling the child. However, they often have nothing to do with it. A dry cough is quite natural for a child in the first weeks of life. If dry crusts form in the child's nose, sneezing may occur. The fact is that the body of a newborn seeks to get rid of the garbage accumulated in it, which has accumulated before childbirth. This is the one that causes the "false" cold. But if the baby has liquid snot or the cough takes on a wheezing hue, then you should immediately consult a pediatrician or a visiting nurse.
The newborn must urinate on the first day. If this does not happen, he has kidney problems. Mom will not receive milk immediately, but only 3-5 days after giving birth. Therefore, all this time the baby has practically nothing to write with. But the original feces, meconium, you will see. But when the child begins to receive adequate nutrition, he will immediately express this by repeatedly writing into the diaper - up to two dozen times a day.
Dysbiosis and constipation can cause a child to have bad stools. In the first days of life, the child's feces have a greenish-black color, since it still leaves the remnants of meconium. Only by 4-5 days, the stool becomes lighter and thinner, acquiring a yellow color. And that's okay. Do not be alarmed to find white lumps in the feces that resemble mustard seeds. The fact is that the intestines are just learning to digest and assimilate mother's milk, so these curdled clots are formed in it. In a newborn, stool can be observed a couple of times a day, usually after feeding, but the absence of a stool in a child for one or two days is not a cause for alarm. A breastfed baby may not poop for up to four days - the intestines may well absorb all the milk without residues. A greenish or reddish tinge of stools shouldn't scare parents. It is worth feeding the child at his request and making sure that the baby eats both the front milk, which flows out at the very beginning of feeding and has a bluish transparent color, and the back milk, which is fatter, with a yellowish color, stands out in the second half of the meal. The fact is that the color shades in the feces indicate that the child is not eating enough, so following this simple rule will most likely lead to the normalization of the stool. Also keep in mind that the color may have appeared due to some food eaten by the mother, for example, red vegetables (beets, carrots). Parents are often intimidated by the mucus they find in children's excrement. But this does not always mean some kind of intestinal disease. Mucus may well indicate that the child is only adapting to new food, complementary foods. But if the stool is frequent, liquid and greenish, contains blood clots and is accompanied by an acidic unpleasant odor, then this should alert parents. In this case, immediately consult a doctor, having prepared material evidence that worried you - a diaper or a diaper.
If the baby is often fed, then he can rip his stomach. It is perfectly normal for a newborn to want to eat once an hour, or even once every 40 minutes. After all, the main thing that he does in life now is eating and sleeping. And do not pay attention to older people who believe that you should not overfeed your baby, giving him breast on demand. There may be advice not to feed the baby more often than every three hours and gradually introduce complementary foods. These intervals supposedly allow the stomach to rest. But the authors of such advice are mothers who keep their children on artificial feeding. Experts in breastfeeding, on the other hand, unanimously believe that newborns have ways to assimilate breast milk almost without interruption, such is their digestive system. Usually, the mother's breast milk is enough for the baby, but the introduction of complementary foods increases the risk that breastfeeding may stop.
The reason a child cries is his hunger. The crying of a child can testify to many things - that the baby is cold or hot, boredom, fear, pain, fatigue, loneliness and, of course, hunger. So there are actually a great many reasons. Crying a baby right after feeding does not mean that you need to feed the baby with an artificial formula, try to figure out some other reasons for the child's anxiety.
A child, with a strong cry, tears his lungs. You should not see in the cry of a newborn baby an attempt to manipulate the parents or any deep reasons. Everything lies on the surface - the child needs the mother's help and he asks for it as best he can. So try to give him everything you can. Show mercy and do not leave your child emitting in a nervous cry. Many mothers believe that they will shout - they will be more patient, but crying is evidence that the child is bad, in which case it is necessary not to educate, but to help. Young mothers should remember that up to three months, a child can suffer from colic in the abdomen, which can also cause crying. Since the baby's digestive organs and nervous system are not yet developed, his intestines are painfully swollen from the bubbles of gas. At the same time, the intestine itself may experience spasms or pinch. In this case, do not rush to take medications, dill water, it will be enough just to correctly apply the baby to the breast. When breastfeeding, the baby's lower lip should be twisted slightly, covering the lower half of the areola of the mother's nipple. And before feeding, it would be nice to give the baby a light tummy massage, gently moving your hand clockwise, press the baby's legs to the belly. It will be good for a child if he is often worn in his arms, warming his own with warmth, because the body temperature of a healthy mother is an ideal heating pad for a child. After that, the crumb in the "column" position will regurgitate excess air.
The presence of vomiting in a child indicates his illness. First, decide - is it spitting up or vomiting? And there is a big difference in these two concepts. Vomiting is gushing, and regurgitation is a small volley. Until the third month of life, spitting up is normal for a baby, which allows the baby to clear the stomach of air absorbed from food. If a child spits up after eating, but at the same time he is cheerful and grows well, then there is no reason for concern. And vomiting is not always a cause for concern. Having happened once, it testifies only to a fleeting stomach spasm. But if vomiting is repeated 3-4 times a day and is accompanied by fever, then this is already a signal to call a pediatrician. Just vomiting, no fever, is already a reason to visit a neurologist. You should not panic about every occasion, you should be attentive and maintain a reasonable calm, despite the excitement of the first weeks of communication. You will soon begin to understand your baby and his reactions well.