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This problem is one of those that they prefer to shyly keep silent about. But Avicenna described this ailment in some detail and scientifically.
When launched, the failure can become chronic. Such a diagnosis can be made if, for three months or more, stool is observed less than three times a week, it is necessary to push for more than a quarter of the time of bowel movement, as it becomes dense, and the feeling of incomplete emptying remains in the intestines.
It is interesting that in developing countries such a problem is of little relevance, but in developed countries there is a whole epidemic of constipation. There, from 10 to 50% of residents suffer from periodic constipation, while women are three times more likely than men. But only 3-5% of patients turn to doctors.
In England alone, the population spends up to 40 million pounds on laxatives every year. Although life expectancy is not reduced by constipation, quality still suffers. This problem is quite delicate, people prefer to talk about it in a whisper. Unsurprisingly, this gives rise to dubious miracles, as well as myths and legends.
A person should have a chair every day. There is no concept of "normality" as such. Some people go to the toilet 2-3 times a day, and for some, three times a week is enough. Of course, daily bowel movement, which happens most often, is good, but there is nothing wrong if a person can not go to the toilet for several days. But if the trip there happens less than two or three times a week, then there is a reason to think about constipation. If such a deviation appears suddenly and for no particular reason, and also if it lasts more than two weeks, you should already seek help from a doctor.
Constipation results in self-poisoning of the body. There is an opinion that with constipation, the body will begin to suck in the toxic substances that are present in the feces. Also, this situation can give rise to some diseases, such as colon cancer, bronchial asthma or arthritis. However, nowhere has it been scientifically proven that toxins are released from feces. There is no evidence that cleansing the colon with laxatives or enemas will help prevent cancer or other diseases.
The appearance of constipation suggests that you need to eat more dietary fiber. Often times, dietary fiber or fiber actually helps with constipation. However, there are situations when the violation becomes the cause of serious diseases - diabetes mellitus, stroke, Parkinson's disease or thyroid disorders. Very rarely, constipation can even tell about autoimmune diseases and colorectal cancer. So if constipation lasts more than two weeks, if blood impurities appear in the feces, and painful sensations are felt during bowel movements, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
Dairy products can cause constipation. It is believed that a large amount of dairy can cause this kind of trouble or make it worse. However, what is the correct way to estimate the volume here? For the average adult, a daily serving is a glass of milk, about 40 grams of cheese, or half a glass of ice cream. You can take up to three such servings per day. If constipation is observed even with less dairy products, then it's time to pay a visit to the doctor.
Chewing gum, if swallowed, can cause constipation. We are afraid that the gum will stick to the insides just as it sticks to the sole. This can lead to constipation. In fact, the gum will be partially digested and released naturally from the body after a few days. However, swallowing a large amount of gum in a short time interval can actually clog an area of the gastrointestinal tract. The danger is especially high if the gum is swallowed with food. But such options are quite rare.
Constipation often occurs while on vacation. When a person is on the road or changes the way and place of life, the daily routine and diet becomes different. This is what can cause constipation. To avoid it due to dehydration, you can simply drink plain water. This advice will be relevant to those who fly a lot in airplanes. It is also necessary to move a little more, make some simple movements while waiting for boarding or stopping on the road. There are other recommendations for vacationers - do not abuse alcohol, do not forget about physical activity and pay attention to fruits and vegetables.
The regularity of your bowel movements can be disrupted by a bad mood. Emotional stress can actually cause constipation and even make it worse. You can fight this with a belly massage. This will relax the muscles that support the intestines. As a result, he will begin to work more actively. Acupressure and shiatsu massage can also be beneficial. It is better to save yourself from nervous tension with the help of relaxation - yoga, meditation, biofeedback.
There is nothing wrong with holding back urges. Some are too busy at work or embarrassed to go to the toilet there, postponing this procedure at home. However, ignoring the urge will not only cause discomfort, but can also cause constipation or even make it worse. This is why some people even set aside a special time to go to the toilet, for example, right after breakfast. So if nature has given a signal, you should listen to it.
Constipation can be caused by medications. There are indeed some pain relievers, as well as antidepressants, Parkinson's or hypertension medications, that can lead to constipation. Large doses of preparations containing iron or vitamins D can have the same effects. Constipation can also occur with calcium supplements, especially if they are taken with other dietary supplements or anchorage medications. In any case, the appearance of constipation after taking medications is a reason to consult a doctor.
Constipation can form due to a lack of fiber in food. It really is. A low amount of dietary fiber in food leads to constipation. To avoid this problem, you need to include fiber foods in your daily diet. These can be cereals, whole grain breads, or pasta. But foods that are low in fiber and high in sugar and fat are best avoided. We are talking about semi-finished products that are not useful for digestion. Unfortunately, it is a common problem when fiber is lacking in the diet. Then you should add them little by little and gradually. This will help prevent bloating and gas formation.
There is no difference in dietary fiber. It is not true. So, insoluble dietary fiber helps to increase the volume of feces, while also carrying out intestinal motility. This way constipation can be avoided. The best sources of such fiber are cereals, pasta, and whole grain breads. But those soluble fiber found in fresh vegetables and fruits do not have these properties. In order for the bacteria to grow and exist in the intestines that help maintain a healthy microflora, legumes and citrus fruits, beans should be included in the diet.
To avoid constipation, you need to eat more prunes. The nondescript-looking dried fruit has long won fame as an excellent remedy for constipation. And this recognition did not come out of nowhere - prunes can really ease the symptoms of constipation or even prevent it. And the explanations are quite scientific. The fact is that such a dried fruit contains a lot of dietary fiber, which increases the volume of feces and helps it pass through the colon more quickly. Also, prunes contain such a natural laxative as sorbitol. Its plus is safety even with prolonged use. For children, try freezing plum juice as ice cream instead of prunes, or mixing it with other juices to add flavor.
Even regular drinking water can help with constipation. And indeed it is. After all, it is the lack of fluid in the body that is one of the possible causes of constipation. If you are dehydrated, drinking plenty of fluids is a simple and effective solution. You can use plain water or a drink to help relieve or prevent constipation. The doctor will help you understand exactly how much moisture you need to consume. The large intestine can absorb up to 5-6 liters of fluid per day, and exceeding this norm (familiar, for example, to beer lovers) can lead to watery diarrhea. The large intestine simply cannot absorb as much. You should also limit drinks with alcohol or caffeine, because excessive drinking can cause dehydration.
To avoid constipation, you need to go in for sports. If the body does not receive proper physical activity, then this can really lead to constipation. Such activities push the intestines to work, relieving general stress. But it is known that a negative psychological state of a person can adversely affect the regularity of the stool. However, it is better to start exercise not immediately after eating, but after waiting at least an hour - the body must be given time to digest food. For starters, you should include a 10-15 minute daily run in your daily routine. For constipation, stretching and yoga can be a good solution. But it is worth remembering that excessive physical activity (for example, marathon running) can have a negative effect on the motor function of the intestines.
Coffee can help relieve constipation. This statement is rather controversial. It's no secret that caffeine really stimulates the muscles of the digestive tract, which are responsible for working with stools. But for some reason, doctors do not recommend coffee as a remedy for constipation. The fact is that caffeine is also a powerful diuretic that binds fluid in the body, including in feces. And lack of fluid is a direct path to constipation. So people with such a problem should refuse to take diuretics, as well as drinks with such features. Besides coffee, this is strong tea, cola and alcohol.
To get rid of constipation, you need to cleanse the intestines with an enema. Enema and colon irrigation can actually remove accumulated waste from the body. However, they are not a cure for constipation or prevention. On the contrary, older people who regularly resort to such procedures complain that they eventually lead to constipation. Even if a specialist carries out bowel irrigation, there is a risk of damage to the colon, which can lead to other problems. So, before trying to deal with constipation in this way, you should consult your doctor. An enema can get rid of the consequences of the problem, but not the problem itself.
Castor oil is the solution to constipation problems. Indeed, castor oil is a powerful laxative. But even as in the case of other similar means, it cannot be used for a long time. After all, the fascination with such "convenient" helpers can lead to the fact that the body will lose the ability to assimilate nutrients and medicines. Castor oil itself, if abused, can lead to damage to the intestines, its muscle and nervous tissue, which will further cause constipation. So in this case, one should resort to such means on the recommendation of a doctor and under his supervision.
Constipation occurs in older people. Indeed, older people are highly likely to face such a problem. But this is possible not because of the past years, as such, but because of some diseases, poor nutrition, poor physical activity or the widespread use of medications. Constipation is generally a fairly common abnormality in the work of the gastrointestinal tract for many age groups. For example, this problem often appears after surgery, childbirth, and pregnancy. In the latter case, the fight against constipation is generally a rather delicate matter that requires mandatory consultation with specialists.
Constipation can cause blood in your stools. Seeing blood in your feces, you should not be afraid - this symptom is not always alarming. However, there is still a reason to see a doctor. The appearance of blood droplets may indicate hemorrhoids or cracks in the rectal mucosa. The reason for this can be constipation and subsequent tightening during bowel movements. If the stool turns out to be dark-colored or even with blood clots, then this indicates that the source of bleeding is located in the upper segments of the gastrointestinal tract. In such cases, the reasons can be much more serious.
Constipation is a prerequisite for pregnancy. It is worth recognizing that about two-thirds of expectant mothers complain of problems with bowel movement. However, the number of lucky women who escaped constipation is not so small - about 40%.
Constipation appears in literally all expectant mothers in the second half of pregnancy. By the end of the second trimester, the concentration of progesterone in the body increases many times, remaining so until the very birth. In the same period, the uterus is also actively growing, disrupting the natural motility of the large intestine. So constipation during this period should not be surprised. It is difficult to say exactly when it may appear, usually it is 26-32 weeks of pregnancy, but it happens that constipation is also formed in the 15th week of gestation.
For pregnant women with constipation, it is better to give up gymnastics. The expectant mother really shouldn't actively lift weights or even stand with them. Exercise to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, on the other hand, can help relieve constipation.
Constipation can be managed with diet during pregnancy. First of all, it is worth understanding that it is impossible to fight constipation during such a period with the help of laxatives - this can cause a threat of termination of pregnancy. Moreover, we are talking not only about strong medicines, but also natural, weaker ones - rhubarb, buckthorn bark, senna leaves. In agreement with the doctor, tinctures of chamomile flowers, mint, dill and caraway seeds, activated charcoal can help. Another option is lactulose-based laxatives. But it is better to refuse physiotherapy methods, as they can stimulate uterine contractions and badly affect the fetus.
The cause of constipation can be dolichocolon. This disease is characterized by an excess of the normal elongated colon, while the diameter of the lumen remains unchanged. However, a study conducted among female patients showed that there is no difference in the incidence of constipation among those with this short or long bowel. This suggests that there is no need to treat constipation operatively, bypassing or performing a bowel resection.
It is safe to take secretory laxatives for constipation. Unfortunately, this way of solving the problem has its drawbacks. The systematic use of such drugs leads to the development of inertness of the digestive system, the need to constantly increase the dose. Stimulating the receptors can cause pain, especially if there is irritation in the gut. The most physiological effect of bulking laxatives. They will increase the contents of the intestines and intensify its activity without irritating the mucous membranes.Osmotic agents act in a similar way.
In patients with chronic constipation, intestinal dysbiosis is present. It is believed that the correction of this microflora disorder can lead to the normalization of work to get rid of feces. No one denies that the bacterial component of those who suffer from constipation is different from that of ordinary people. Only these changes are in most cases of a secondary nature. Treating them is like helping leukocytes for pneumonia. And dysbiosis does not have any significant effect on constipation itself. That is why there is no need to take probiotics in a situation with difficult stools.